Sunday, July 26, 2020
Big Civil War Naval Cannon Destroyed in Michigan-- Part 2: At the First Battle of the Ironclads and Both Battles of Fort Fisher
This cannon was on board the Union steam frigate USS Minnesota and had been used to defend the wooden ship against the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia in 1862 and the following day was used at the battle between the USS Monitor and CSS Virginia, the world's first battle between ironclads. This battle spelled the end of wooden sailing navies.
According to a local newspaper, it also fired the last shot at the Virginia prior to the arrival of the USS Monitor.
Later in the war, the USS Minnesota performed blockade duties and was at both battles of Fort Fisher, North Carolina, which up until then and for many years afterwards, was the largest assemblage of warships and largest bombardment ever by the U.S. Navy up to that time.
So, this cannon had some history to it.
Thursday, July 23, 2020
From the July 22, 2020, K102.5 FM, Kalamazoo, Michigan "Civil War treasure destroyed at Battle Creek....100 years ago" by Tim Collins.
And this was not destroyed by BLM rioters running amok.
It was a reminder of the past, revered each Decoration Day that it was around. And it was destroyed by the city of Battle Creek, Michigan, and the federal government. It was not a monument, but a huge cannon that was at the city's Oak Hill Cemetery from 1896 until the next big war when it became part of a scrap drive.
Frank J. Kellogg (no relation to the Kellogg's of cereal fame), was a patent medicine inventor and salesman in Battle Creek and a Civil War veteran. He was known as a rich man as well as a bit of a scalawag. It was through his efforts that the cannon came to Battle Creek in 1896.
According to the Daily Journal of the city, on July 22, 1896, he received a letter from the Inspector of Ordnance at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, saying the cannon had been shipped to Battle Creek's GAR Post.
And, it wasn't just ANY surplus cannon. It had a a history including participation in the first-ever battle of ironclads and the largest bombardment ever up until the end of the Civil War.
It had been on the USS Minnesota.
Tuesday, July 21, 2020
The Confederate monument on the North Carolina State Capitol grounds in Raleigh had been there since since May 20, 1895. That day, it was unveiled by Julia Jackson Christian, the daughter of Confederate General Stonewall Jackson.
The cannons will now remain at Fort Fisher (hopefully emplaced on the fort's parapet). Fort Fisher is currently undergoing a $23 million renovation to its visitors center and grounds as it is one of the state's most-visited historic places.
Michele Walker of the N.C. Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources says the cannons will remain there since they are of the same era as a cannon and artifacts at the site.
The removal of the Confederate monument in Raleigh is just one of many similar actions being taken across the state and country as the nation grapples with its history of honoring the Confederacy with monuments in public places. There have been riots and much damage done to these monuments.
The arrival of the cannons at Fort Fisher is one of the first, if not the first, instances of recently removed Confederate monuments being relocated.
Here's hoping that sites like Fort Fisher will be recipients of many or most of the removed monuments. I just hope some way can be found to keep certain groups from further damaging the artifacts.
Friday, July 10, 2020
From June 30, 2020, WUNC 91.5 NPR "Confederate cannons removed from Raleigh now at Fort Fisher" by Mitch Northam and AP.
Two Civil War cannons that were at a Confederate monument in Raleigh are now at Fort Fisher. They arrived Friday after being removed from the state Capitol grounds by the N.C. governor The two 32-pounder naval cannons were stationed at the base of the monument had been "vandalized" along with the rest of the 75-foot tall monument accompanied by two statues of a Confederate infantryman and cavalryman.
These two statues were pulled down June 19 (and one was even LYNCHED). The next day, the governor ordered all three monuments removed.
According to the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, a plaque on the cannons says they were captured by Confederates when they took the U.S. Navy Yard at Norfolk, Virginia and were then used at Fort Caswell at the mouth of the Cape Fear River's Old Inlet.
They were dismounted when Confederates evacuated the fort and blew it up in 1865 after the fall of Fort Fisher.
Raleigh's Loss Is Fort Fisher's Gain. At Least One Good Thing Happening in All This Sad Mess. --Old B-Runner
Tuesday, July 7, 2020
JULY 7TH, 1865: Secretary Welles ordered Rear Admiral Radford of the Atlantic Squadron to reduce his command to a total of ten vessels.
Welles also ordered the Gulf Squadron reduced to a total of 12 vessels.
Reducing the Navy After the War. ("War's Over, Man. Wormer Dropped the Big One.") --Old B-Runner
The statue was commissioned in the late 1890s by the Ann T. Hunter Chapter Auxiliary of the Raphael Semmes Camp 11 of the Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV). According to the city, among the funds raised by the SCV for the erection of the monument were donations of dimes by the children of the city.
Also, according to a 1991 Mobile Bay Monthly article, the SCV camp also oversaw fundraising for renovation projects to it.
Mobile City Councilwoman Bess Rich said for the statue to return for public display in the city "was not achievable" but she wanted them to have a say in what happens to it next.
The mayor said the statue was removed to prevent it from being destroyed in a future demonstration, in other words, it was removed for "public safety."
The city was fined $25,000 by the state as the removal went against the Confederate Monument Protection Law. The city has thirty days now to pay the fine.
The pedestal on which the statue stood was damaged by "vandalism" during a June 1st demonstration in Mobile. Three days later, in the deep of the night, the statue was removed by the mayor's order.
Because of this article, Mobile Mayor Sandy Stimpson is sure the city owns the statue. But, in the aftermath of the June 4th removal of the eight foot tall statue from Royal and Government streets where it has stood for almost 120 years, people claiming to be descendants of the original ownership group have come forward and want it returned to them.
Camp 11 Sons of Confederate Veterans says they are the rightful owners. A meeting will be held June 23 between the Camp and the city.
The city claims it owns the statue, but are willing to turn it over to the camp if the statue is no longer needed. They also need to know the current value of the statue.
According to the newspapers in 1900, the statue cost $6,000 which means it would be worth an estimated $180,000 in 2020.
Monday, July 6, 2020
From June 17, 2020, AL.com "Mobile mayor, Confederate descendants battle over monument's fate" by John Sharp.
Electra Semmes Colston unveiled the statue of her late father during a 5 p.m. ceremony 120 years ago this June 27 and then the Excelsior band launched into the song "Dixie" and an artillery squad stationed at the foot of Government Street began firing an admiral's salute.
Moments later, then-Mayor J.C. Bush stepped onto the platform and accepted the statue of Confederate Navy Admiral Raphael Semmes on behalf of the city.
This was on the front page of the Mobile Daily Register
That acceptance of the statue has played out in recent days as ownership of that statue has come into question.
Friday, July 3, 2020
"When the Shenandoah reached the Island of St. Lawrence, there was a fine northwest wind. Sail was made, and the propeller triced up. While to the westward of that island, the ship was making six knots per hour. a dense fog came on...."
Trying to beat out of the ice the ship ran into a large floe and damaged her rudder when, with sails aback to avoid sudden collision with thick ice, "she gathered sternboard." The crew placed heavy rope mats around the prow.
"Steam was gently applied and with a large block of ice resting against her cutwater she pushed it along to open a passage, and in this way we worked the Shenandoah for hours until she gained open water."
To avoid being trapped by Federal cruisers, if not the ice, Waddell decided to run for "more open seas." On 3 July "a black fog closed upon us and shut out from our view the heavens and all things terrestrial." It clung about them thick and ominous for the next two days as the raider steamed south depending on dead reckoning."
Want Some Ice With That Water? --Old B-Runner
Thursday, July 2, 2020
JULY 1ST TO 3RD, 1865: After destroying a large fleet of Arctic whalers on June 26 and 28, the CSS Shenendoah, Lt. James Waddell, stood south "amid snow and icebergs" looking for more victims.
There he wrote, in "the immensity of the ice and floes", threatened with "danger of being shut up in the Arctic Ocean for several months. I was obliged to turn her prow southward and reached East Cape just in time to slip by the Diomedes when a vast field of floe ice was closing the strait....
"The sun was in his highest northern declination, and it was perpetual daylight, when he sank below the northern horizon, a golden fringe marked his course until his pale and cheerless face came again, frosted from icebergs and snow."
Lt. James Waddell Waxing Poetic. --Old BRunBerg