Continued from March 1, 2023.
At the onset of the Civil War, the U.S. Pacific Fleet/Squadron consisted of the screw sloops USS Lancaster, USS Narragansett and USS Wyoming; the sidewheelersloop Saranac and sailing sloops USS St. Mary's and USS Cyane. None of them were in San Francisco, but spread all over the Pacific. It was commanded by John Barrien Montgomery (the destroyer USS Montgomery (DD-121) that fought in World War I and World War II was named after him.
Montgomery did not know the war had started until May 1861, while on board the Lancaster in Hawaii.
Acting Rear Admiral Charles H. Bell took command of the Pacific Fleet on January 2, 1862.