Monday, December 11, 2017
Over the next two days, two other fights took place between the Union ships and the CSS J.A. Cotton and each time the Cotton won.
That night, the Union ships captured the A.B. Seger, a small Confederate Navy steamer used as a dispatch boat. Five days later, the USS Kinsman and the A.B. Seger captured and burned the steamers J.P. Smith and Osprey in Bayou Cheval.
Bayou Teche is a 125-mile long waterway in Louisiana which was originally the course of the Mississippi River.
During the Civil War, two gunboat engagements took place here. I wrote about one on Wednesday regarding the USS Diana.
The first occurred November 3-5, 1862, when the USS Kinsman, Calhoun, Estrella and Diana, mounting 24 cannons, passed obstructions placed by Confederate General Alfred Mouton and engaged the CSS J.A. Cotton near Cornay's Bridge for one and a half hours.
The CSS Cotton, a wooden steamboat modified with a casemate of timber and cotton bales and a small amount of railroad iron along its sides was struck several times, but managed to escape.
Friday, December 8, 2017
The USS Diana had a short career. It captured two vessels on December 6, 1862, near Vicksburg as I wrote about on Wednesday. It also took part in the attack on Bayou Teche, Louisiana, that resulted in the destruction of the CSS J.A, Cotton on 14 January 1863.
Next, it served with Navy and Army detachments in Berwick Bay, Louisiana, until 23 March 1863, when it was recaptured while on a reconnaissance mission to Grand Lake and Atchafalaya River in Louisiana.
A book has been written about this ship: "Gunboat Named Diana, A, And Other Exciting Stories of Civil War Battles Which raged in the Bayou Country of Louisiana" by Raphael Morris.
In the December 6, 2017, post, I wrote about the USS Diana capturing two steamers near Vicksburg. I'd never heard of the ship.
A captured Confederate steamer acquired by the Union Navy in prize court.
Sidewheel merchant steamer, specifications unknown, captured by Union forces 27 April 1862, at New Orleans and turned over 7 May to General Benjamin Butler, commander at New Orleans, and used as an Army transport until November 1862 when it was returned to the Navy, Acting master Weeks was placed in command.
The ship had a short career in the Navy.
Thursday, December 7, 2017
All Times a.m..
THE SECOND WAVE
8:50: The second wave, consisting of 167 planes, attacks. U.S. forces, now prepared, respond with heavy anti-aircraft fire.
8:55 to 9:00: Japanese bombers attack Ford Island and Bellows Field, shooting down a B-17 with two pilots attempting to take off. Other Japanese planes strafe Kaneohe.
9:05: Bombers return to Hickam Field for an eight-minute assault.
9:06: Attackers bomb the battleship USS Pennsylvania and two destroyers in drydock.
Continued in today's RoadDog's RoadLog blog.
Continued from today's post in my Saw the Elephant Civil War blog.
All times a.m..
7:58: Japanese planes begin bombing aircraft at Wheeler Field.
7:58: The Ford Island Command Center, under attack, radios an alert: "AIR RAID, PEARL HARBOR. THIS IS NO DRILL"
8:00 The USS Oklahoma takes multiple torpedo hits and capsizes in minutes.
8:08: The first of multiple bombs hits the USS Arizona. Minutes later, another bomb pierces the powder magazine. The bow explodes and the ship sinks in minutes.
8:30: The first wave of attackers withdraws.
A Bloody Mess. --Old B-Runner
Wednesday, December 6, 2017
DECEMBER 6, 1862: The USS Diana, Acting Master Ezra Goodwin, captured steamers Southern Methodist and Naniope near Vicksburg laden with molasses and sugar.
There is a photograph of Col. John Wetmore Hinsdale, 3rd Regt. N.C. Junior Reserves.
In 1861, he left the University of North Carolina to enlist in the Confederate Army and served with distinction under Generals Holmes, Pettigrew, Pender and Price before being elected colonel of the 3rd Regt. Junior Reserves.
From the North Carolina State Historic Sites Fort Fisher.
1st Battalion N.C. Junior Reserves. Co. D. Captain James L. McCormic
4th Battalion N.C. Junior Reserves. Cos. A, B,C and D. Major John M. Reece.
7th Battalion N.C. Junior Reserves. Cos. A, B and C. Major William F. French
8th Battalion N.C. Junior Reserves. Cos. A, B and C. Major James Ellington
These units were not at the Second Battle of Fort Fisher.
"On that Christmas day, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, when North Carolinians won imperishable renown by repulsing the most formidable fleet that ever sailed, two out of every three that were killed outright were Junior Reserves.
"No language can more forcibly describe the bravery and heroism of these boys than this statement of this fact." Wm. Lamb
Tuesday, December 5, 2017
From Civil War Talk.
Fort Fisher's commander, Col. William Lamb wrote this concerning the actions of the North Carolina Junior Reserves stationed at his post:
"It gives me real pleasure to bear testimony to the gallantry of the N.C. Junior reserves at Fort Fisher when Porter and Butler were repulsed. The first life sacrificed there in the defence of Carolina homes was a heroic boy; and another Junior reserve, who volunteered for a desperate task, was killed in performing the perilous duty."
Monday, December 4, 2017
From Christie's September Sampling.
Christie's Auction House in new York sold the "Bombardment of Fort Fisher" painting by Thomas F. Laycock for 78.2% above its estimate, for a whopping $75,000. It is an 1888 oil on canvas and they had estimated it would bring between $7,000 and $10,000.
It is signed and dated and the canvas measures 36 1/4 inches by 72 inches. The Union fleet is shown bombarding the fort.
Thomas F. Laycock (1810-1898) also made a famous painting of the USS Maine.
Public opinion ion Glasgow was split between support of the Confederacy and the Union. Surely, their was big money to be made in supplying the South with blockade runners so that was a big economic one. However, dislike of slavery brought forth Union sentiment.
The blockade runners brought in cannons, rifles and munitions inbound and cotton and tobacco was sent outbound. A total of 355 runners ran aground and another 1,000 were captured.
But even just a couple trips through the blockade would pay for a blockade runner. The blockade runner Advance, built in Greenock, made 20 successful runs before being captured and later joining the Union fleet. What better thing to capture a fast blockade runner than a former blockade runner.
The CSS Atlanta, a Govan-built ironclad ship, originally named the Fingal, ran the blockade only once before it ran aground. This ship later was turned into a Confederate ironclad and then served in the Union Navy.
Saturday, December 2, 2017
From the November 23, 2017, Scotsman "How Glasgow found itself at centre of American Civil War" David Walsh.
One big thing was the blockade runners. many were from the Clyde River.
Blockade runners were fuel efficient, had shallow but spacious hulls, maneuverability and speed.
Dozens of Glasgow-built paddlewheel steamers took part in the enterprise. At first these ships were ones that were already in operation in Scotland and the British Isles, but then ships started being built specifically to run the blockade.
This caused there to be even more jobs along the Clyde River.
Foster's Raid went from December 11-20, 1863 from New Bern and eventually as far as Goldsboro, North Carolina.
11- Skirmish at Kinston Road
11-12-- Skirmish at Kinston Road
12-15-- Operations on the Neuse River
13-14-- Actions at Southwest Creek
14-- Engagement at Kinston, N.C.
15. Action at Whitehall Bridge (Ram CSS Neuse in the process of being built comes under attack)
16. Action at Whitehall
16-- Affairs at Mt. Olive and Goshon Creek
17-- Raid on Dudley's Station
17-- Skirmish at Goldsboro Bridge
17. Reconnaissance to Diascund Bridge
After this, Foster's Raid was over and his force returned to New Bern.
27-- Action at Elizabeth City
31-- Loss of the USS Monitor off Cape Hatteras